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Nuclear states are in breach of the Non-Proliferation Treaty

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Approximately 40 states will not participate in the negotiations on a nuclear weapons ban treaty scheduled to begin later on Monday, US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley announced. "So what you would see is that the General Assembly would go through, in good faith, trying to do something but North Korea would be the one cheering and all of us and the people we represent would be the ones at risk", she said.

Washington, whose nuclear arsenal of 6800 warheads is second to Russia's 7000, according to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), has long guaranteed to defend its non-nuclear allies, which include Japan and South Korea.

Even with the major nuclear powers boycotting the debate, a treaty would oblige them to revisit their policies sooner or later - even if, like Russian Federation and the United States, they're now modernizing their nuclear weapons arsenal.

On December 23, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution to convene negotiations on banning nuclear weapons, and decided the talks will take place in NY on March 25-31.

The corresponding resolution was supported by more than 100 countries, while Russian Federation and 35 other countries voted against it.

She says the US has already reduced its nuclear weapons by 85 percent under the decades-old Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. But we have to be realistic.

In his remarks, Mr. Kim also stressed that purist of nuclear as well as non-nuclear strategic weapons would not create security but instead can provoke "new and destabilizing" arms races as well as exacerbate regional and global tension.

Ambassador Matthew Rycroft of Great Britain said his country stayed away form the talks "because we do not believe that those negotiations will lead to effective progress on global nuclear disarmament". He sadi that his country was for a step by step approach within existing multilateral system.

Then-president Barack Obama announced a drive in 2009 to reduce the role of nuclear weapons and eventually eliminate them. "And now there are raised worries with the new United States president".

While land-mines and biological or chemical weapons are banned under global law, the U.S. and Russian Federation have stubbornly maintained (and now are significantly upgrading) a collection capable of extinguishing humanity.

But his administration strongly encouraged North Atlantic Treaty Organisation allies to vote against this year's United Nations negotiations, saying a ban would obstruct cooperation to respond to nuclear threats from adversaries.

Drawing on experience from those campaigns, Fihn believes there is a "good chance" a treaty will be adopted, though perhaps not necessarily after the first phase of negotiations ends in July. "Whenever we asked, we were told that the time was not right". Those other weapons, including chemical weapons, land mines and cluster munitions, have been banned.

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