Canada's population now at 35 million, growth in Waterloo Region and Guelph

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Montreal's population has grown over the past five years, although it is not growing as fast as the Canadian average.

Dinani said Victoria's higher growth rate comes from the fact there is an increasing number of people who see Victoria as a viable investment option.

Collingwood is close behind.

According to Statistic's Canada's evaluation of the data, 17 of the 25 census municipalities outside of urban areas with a population of more than 5,000, with the largest decrease in residents are in Atlantic Canada and Quebec.

Wednesday's release focused on population and dwellings; the next one, in May, will be focused on age and sex.

That was still below the 14.6 percent population growth in Squamish from 2006 to 2011.

In sixth place nationwide, Kelowna was the fastest growing census metropolitan area outside of the prairies.

During this period, Nova Scotia showed an overall positive population growth rate of 0.2 per cent - an increase of approximately 2,000 individuals.

"That's meteoric rise for Edmonton", said Mayor Don Iveson, saying the city has still seen growth despite economic challenges.

As one might expect, Halifax's growth rate was a little more optimistic but still slower than other metropolitan areas.

Cooperation among federal, provincial and municipal governments when it comes to infrastructure investment in key areas like health and public transit is crucial to ensure that the quality of life in Canadian cities does not decline as its population spikes.

All but three of Nunavut's 26 communities saw population increases, with the greatest increase sent in in Chesterfield Inlet, whose population grew from 313 in 2011 to 437 in 2016, or 39.6 per cent.

Both Prince Rupert and Port Edward saw a population decline in the past five years, revealed the latest 2016 census data.

Mulgrave saw a decline of 9.1 per cent, bringing its population down to 722. Well, today's numbers are the first of seven data sets from the 2016 census, set to be released over the course of the year.

Despite growth appearing to level off slightly, Guérette said it's still a strong market.

Although many parts of Nova Scotia - and indeed the province as a whole - saw low or negative rates of growth, some areas enjoyed reasonable population increases in the past five years. The three largest CMAs in 2016-Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver-were home to more than one-third of all Canadians (35.5%), with a combined population of 12.5 million.